Research shows that being optimistic is about 25 percent inheritable, and then there are other factors that affect our positivity — like socioeconomic status — that are often out of our control. Yet that still leaves a solid amount of wiggle room for us to develop a more positive outlook as adults. But if you’re someone who tends to see more negative thoughts than the positive in a given situation, there’s hope.

Understanding Optimism

Optimism is more than just a sunny disposition; it’s a psychological perspective that shapes how we perceive and engage with the world. Psychologists define optimism as a belief that good things will happen and that one’s actions can contribute to positive outcomes. It is a hopeful and positive attitude that highlights the positive aspects of life, but it’s rooted in realism. Optimistic individuals are characterized by their resilience in the face of challenges, a trait that enables them to navigate life’s ups and downs with grace and determination to succeed.

The Science of Seeing Brightly

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Numerous studies have validated the power of optimism. For instance, research conducted by Dr. Martin Seligman, a pioneer in the field of positive psychology, has shown that optimists are more likely to exhibit persistence and achieve their goals, compared to pessimists who may give up when faced with setbacks. Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health research shows evidence that optimistic individuals may have a longer lifespan and a better chance of living past 85. These findings underscore the tangible benefits of an optimistic outlook on mental health.

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Reaping the Rewards of Optimism

Embracing optimism isn’t just about feeling good; it has profound benefits for our mental and physical health. Optimists often experience lower levels of stress, as their positive thinking leads to better-coping strategies in stressful situations. They are more likely to engage in healthy behaviors, such as regular physical activity and balanced diets, and to avoid harmful habits like smoking. Optimism has also been linked to better immune function and reduced risk of chronic diseases. On the emotional front, more optimists tend to have a buffer against depression, enjoy richer social interactions, and people tend to report higher levels of satisfaction in life.

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Cultivating an Optimistic Mindset

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Becoming more optimistic is within reach for most people, even those who naturally tend toward pessimism. Here are some suggested strategies to foster an optimistic outlook:

  • Reflection and Journaling: Take time each day to reflect on what went well. Keeping a gratitude journal can shift focus from negative to positive experiences.
  • Positive Affirmations: Start the day with positive statements about yourself and your goals. Affirmations can rewire thought patterns toward a more optimistic viewpoint.
  • Set Manageable Goals: Achieving small goals can build confidence and a sense of efficacy, leading to a more optimistic attitude about future challenges.
  • Mindfulness and Meditation: These practices can help in recognizing and adjusting negative thought patterns, fostering a more optimistic outlook.
  • Seeking the Silver Lining: In difficult situations, identify lessons learned or potential opportunities for growth.

Remember, optimism and pessimism is not about denying reality but about facing it with the belief that positive change is possible. Through consistent practice, anyone can shift their mindset towards a more optimistic outlook.

What Does Having Optimism Mean?

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Having optimism means carrying a sense of hope and confidence about expect good things in the future or the successful outcome of something. It’s a positive framing of expectations, where an individual anticipates good things happening in life and believes that their goals and desires are attainable. Optimism is not just a fleeting emotion but a stable trait that influences one’s overall worldview. Optimists approach life with a proactive attitude, believing in their ability to influence the direction of their lives. This mindset is linked with proactive coping, where individuals anticipate potential stressors and take steps to prevent or mitigate them.

The 3 Types of Optimism

Optimism can manifest in several ways, and psychologists often categorize it into three distinct types:

  1. Dispositional Optimism:
    • This is the general expectation that good things will happen. People with high dispositional optimism are generally high in positive emotions and maintain a hopeful attitude, even in the face of adversity.
  2. Explanatory Style Optimism:
    • This refers to how people explain the events of their lives. Optimists tend to attribute good events to personal, permanent causes (“I aced the test because I’m smart”) and see bad events as resulting from temporary, external causes (“I failed the test because it was unusually difficult”).
  3. Comparative Optimism:
      • Often known as the “optimism bias,” this is the belief that one is less likely than others to experience negative events. People with this type of optimism believe they are more likely to experience positive events than their peers.


Each type of optimism can play a crucial role in an individual’s mental health and well-being. Dispositional optimism helps people maintain a positive outlook in general, explanatory style optimism influences how people perceive and react to events, and comparative optimism affects how individuals assess their risks and chances of success in comparison to others.

Is Optimism a Good Strength?

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Yes, optimism is generally considered a significant strength, both psychologically and in terms of its broader impact on one’s life and well-being. Here are a few reasons why optimism is viewed positively:

  1. Enhanced Resilience: Optimistic individuals tend to cope better with stress and adversity. They’re more likely to persist in the face of challenges rather than give up, which is a key component of resilience.
  2. Better Health: There is a well-established link between an optimistic outlook and various health benefits, including longer lifespan, lower rates of cardiovascular disease, and better immune function.
  3.  Improved Well-being: Optimism is associated with higher levels of happiness and life satisfaction. Optimists often experience better mental health, lower rates of depression, and more fulfilling social relationships.
  4. Success and Performance: An optimistic attitude can lead to better performance in various domains, including work and academics, because optimists are more likely to engage in goal-directed behaviors and persist in their efforts to achieve their goals.
  5. Healthy Lifestyle Choices: Optimists are more likely to engage in healthy behaviors, such as exercising and eating a balanced diet, and are less likely to engage in behaviors that pose a health risk.
  6. Positive Social Interaction: Optimism can make individuals more attractive social partners. Optimistic people are often more pleasant to be around, which can lead to more social support and better interpersonal relationships.
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    Stress Management: Optimists are better at managing stress because they use more positive coping strategies, such as planning, acceptance, and the ability to find the silver lining in difficult situations.

In summary, optimism can serve as a powerful tool for navigating life’s ups and downs and can contribute to a range of positive outcomes in a person’s health, work, and relationships. However, it’s also important to pair optimism with realism to ensure that positive expectations are grounded in a practical understanding of one’s present circumstances and abilities.